Travel to Russia requires a visa covering the duration of your stay in the country. Visas are issued by Russian Consulates in your home country, based on an invitation (a visa support letter) from a Russian party. If you are not the citizen of the country where you apply for visa you may be refused, but the practice is different in different countries. Some Russian Consulates accept remote applying so you can apply for a visa from any place.
To obtain a Russian visa, you should submit the following papers to a Consular Section:
The visa fee is paid to the Consular service issuing visas in the respective country. Its cost varies.
You will have to register your visa upon arrival in Russia and every new place within 7 working days. Most hotels can and must register your visa for free. You do not need to have any stamps in you passport or the migration card after the registration. If you travel by bicycle and stay sometimes in hotels that is OK. But if you stay longer than your visa stipulates, you can be fined when you leave Russia and may have problems for future visa applications. Visa extension is a very hard procedure. Try to get the adequate visa type in advance.
Important to know: there are different types of visas. Tourist visa can be issued up to 30 days and can be single or double entry. Business visa can be up to 1 year and can be single, double and multi-entry. US citizens can get a tourist visa up to 3 years. Citizens of Austria, Greece, India, Hungary, Germany, Swiss, Spain and Japan can get a tourist visa up to 6 months.
Visa fees for both the invitation and the visa itself are dependant on how much time you allow for processing. Fast processing time increases the cost considerably, so it is best to plan ahead.
RCTC can provide you with an official invitation for getting Russian visa.